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UNSC Resolution 2140 was designed to give those supporting the transition the tools they need against those who attempt to spoil or undermine the transition, a foreign diplomatic source told Al Jazeera on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.
Observers in Yemen also believe the Security Council s resolution has so far prevented obstruction of the NDC s desired outcomes. The former president has recently enjoyed a better rapport with Hadi after months of tension over allegations that Hadi backed his opponents, Abdulfattah Haidrah, an independent writer and journalist based in Dubai, told Al Jazeera.
The recent rapprochement between Saleh and Hadi is one of the positive effects of the resolution, as the former president feared that he might be designated as a spoiler if he remained at loggerheads with Hadi, Haidrah said.
Still, many other influential forces continue to stand in the way of executing the conference s recommendations.
Armed groups in Shabwa, Mareb and Hadramowt provinces have blown up gas and oil pipelines, demanding the government either release imprisoned relatives or provide jobs. With economists predicting the country will need billions of dollars to fund the NDC transition, such attacks threaten an important revenue-generator for the cash-strapped country.
The main challenges [to the political process] include the weakness of the current central government, its lack of competence and harmony, the growing violence, the emergence of armed forces like the Huthis and the South Movement s non-compliance with the recommendations, Haidrah said.
Pro-secession calls by some factions in southern Yemen remain one of the biggest challenges not only to the implementation of the conference s recommendations, but to the existence of a united Yemen, observers say.
Hadi, who comes from the south, offered many incentives to tempt the southerners to join the talks. In addition to the seats, the government issued an official apology for the 1994 civil war and reinstated thousands of southerners in military and public service who were dismissed by the former president.
Since 2007, thousands of southerners have been organising protests to demand the break-off of the former south Yemen state that merged with the north in 1990. The southerners say that after the civil war between south and north in 1994, northerners have exclusively controlled power and wealth.
Hadi represents the struggling political forces in the north, said Ali al-Khathiri, a leading figure in the League of the People of South Arabia Party, one of the factions that advocates for the break-off of the south and boycotted the NDC.
Some people wrongly describe the southern issue as some people who seek jobs and other economic benefits. It is the case of a nation that was occupied by another country in 1994. The people seek the independence and liberation, he told Al Jazeera.
Amid this backdrop, Haidrah warned that Yemenis are increasingly losing faith that the NDC will spur genuine change: People s hope in the outcomes is waning.